General Knowledge of India- High Court

High Court

Presently there are 21 High Courts in India. Consists of Chief Justice & other such judges as appointed by the President.
The Constitution, unlike in the case of the Supreme Court, does not fix any maximum number of judges for a High Court. A judge of a High Court can be transferred to another High Court without his consent by the President.
In this, the Chief Justice of India is also consulted. The opinion provided by him shall have primacy and is binding on the President.
Appointment of Judges
The appointment of Chief Justice is made after consultation with the Chief Justice of Supreme Court & the Governor of the State by the President.
In case of appointment of a Judge, the Chief Justice of the High Court concerned is also consulted in addition to Chief Justice of Supreme Court & Governor of the State concerned.
On Oct 6, 1993, the Constitution bench of Supreme Court held that the opinion of Chief Justice (of the concerned High Court & the Supreme Court) will be given priority in both the appointment as well as transfer of senior judges.
Jurisdiction and Seats of High Courts
NameEstd. In the YearTerritorial JurisdictionSeat
Allahabad1866Uttar PradeshAllahabad (Bench at Lucknow)
Andhra Pradesh1954Andhra PradeshHyderabad
Mumbai1862 Maharashtra, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Goa, Daman and DiuMumbai (Bench at Nagpur, Panaji and Aurangabad)
Kolkata1862 West Bengal and Andaman and NicobarKolkata (Circuit Bench at Port Blair)
Guwahati1948Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Mizoram and Arunachal PradeshGuwahati (Bench at Kohima and Circuit Benches at Imphal, Agartala & Shillong)
Gujarat1960 GujaratAhmedabad
Himachal Pradesh1971Himachal PradeshShimla
Jammu & Kashmir1957J & KSrinagar and Jammu
Kerala1956 Kerala and Lakshadweep Ernakulam
Madhya Pradesh1956 Madhya Pradesh Jabalpur (Benches at Gwalior and Indore)
Chennai1862Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry Chennai
Patna1916 BiharPatna
Punjab & Haryana1966Punjab, Haryana and ChandigarhChandigarh
Rajasthan1950RajasthanJodhpur (Bench at Jaipur)
Sikkim1975 Sikkim Gangtok
Ranchi2000 Jharkhand Ranchi

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